Oils are not a food group, but they do provide essential nutrients, and are therefore, included in USDA recommendations for what to eat. Most athletes do not pay attention to types of oils and fatty acids that they are consuming, but it's extremely important to consume the right ones for peak performance.
Most of the fats you eat should be polyunsaturated (PUFA) or monounsaturated (MUFA) fats. Oils are the major source of MUFAs and PUFAs in the diet. PUFAs contain some fatty acids that are necessary for health called “essential fatty acids."
Because oils contain these essential fatty acids, there is an allowance for oils in the food guide.
Approximately 22-55mg of MUFA and PUFA are recommended.
Fatty Acids 101
►Omega-3: Cannot be produced by the body (essential). The least naturally abundant in the diet; brain development, roles in cognition and mood, and heart disease risk reduction (lower LDL).
►Omega-6: Essential; contribute primarily to heart health and cholesterol reduction.
►Omega-9: Monounsaturated; non-essential; heart health benefits and assistance in blood sugar control.
People eat food, not nutrients
Where can you find Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9?
►Omega-3s: Can be found in canola and soy beans, walnuts, Flax seeds and oily fish like salmon and tuna.
►Omega-6s: Can be found in corn, canola, olive, peanut, safflower, soy bean, sunflower, almonds, cashews, hazelnuts, peanuts, pecans, pistachios, pumpkin seeds, walnuts, eggs, dairy, meat and poultry.
►Omega-9s: Can be found in canola, corn, soy bean, olive, peanut, sunflower, safflower, almonds, cashews, macadamias, peanuts, pecans, pistachios, hazelnuts, walnuts, avocado, eggs and dairy.
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